10.25.2020

The Ionic Jet Fan (Plasma Jet)

Archive:

https://archive.is/gvJMT

https://archive.is/Hslgl

Instead of combusting fuel like a typical jet or rocket engine, the Ionic Jet (or Ionic Rocket) instead uses "Cool Flame" (Plasma) technology by oxidizing the fuel with electric (or triboelectric) charge (pulsed or direct) instead of igniting it directly.  The vaporized fuel can be pressurized to improve the Cool Flame effect but this is not required.

Below is an example of a preferred embodiment (fan blade crossection):


In this embodiment (Ionic Jet Fan) a wing/blade is wherein the ionic jet effect takes place.  Fuel within the blade (solid, liquid, or gas) is expelled from the front of the blade (passively or actively), and passes over positive charged surface (preferably square pyramid in form) which oxidizes the fuel (chemical oxidizers and/or catalysts can also be used on the surface or within the stream itself in addition to or instead of positive electrical charge).  Incoming air streams help to pressurize this gas improving the "cool flame" effect.  The oxidized fuel (and oxidized air mixed in) is now attracted to the negative charge on the back of the blade.  This causes an ionic wind, but the addition of the oxidation of the fuel creates a much stronger ionic wind that is jet-like in nature.  The surrounding boundary layer of air also surrounds and confines the oxidized stream causing a jet-engine like effect.  The negative charge on the back of the blade not only attracts the oxidized fuel products, but also helps neutralize them, therefore reducing drag on the backside of the blade increasing lift.

Ionic Rockets and Jets can be built just like normal rockets and jets the only difference being that instead of sparking or igniting a fuel/oxidizer mixture, the ionic version simply electrically oxidizes the fuel (or fuel/air or fuel/gas or fuel/catalyst or fuel/oxidizer or a combination) using high voltage (optionally in combination with chemical oxidizers/catalysts) .   A "Cool Flame" effect will likely always be seen in such a setup and may be preferred.  Also preferably there would be a negative charge that directs the oxidized fuel toward it; improving thrust and helps neutralize it which reduces drag.

In our preferred embodiment this would be used to increase the power of - or power on it's own - A fan or other rotary device that moves or grips any medium, or a generator that is moved by a medium.  It can also be used to power, increase lift, or otherwise improve, a directional craft such as a plane or a boat.  See my Ionic Fan invention as well.

This technology may also create or improve invisibility or other stealth abilities.  This would depend on what fuel is used and preferably would be a superconducting gas such as hydrogen sulfide or hydrogen telluride.  The cooler the flame, the likely better the effects on light.

Of course the incoming air can be pressurized if desired by any means, and this would create an Ionic TurboJet.  In the case of the ionic jet fan, one of these means could be a fan in series pressurizing the air before arriving at the ionic jet fan assembly.

Also the Voltage between the negative and positive sides could be adjusted based on speed/pressure or other factors to help prevent electrical arcing from the backside to frontside of the blade.

Below is a similar invention but it uses microwaves to ionize pressurized air and it ignites it with a spark.  This is significantly different from what we describe here, but still shows that the principle is valid.

Marvin Carlson's Comment on the above video showing that Cool Flame technology is more efficient than hot flames (makes sense, less energy is directed into heat and more into thrust)

"I worked on something like this at Boeing in the 1980's for other applications. Too much power consumption was the result then and now. A magnetron is about 65% efficient and all you are doing is heating air. It is more efficient if you are going to make a controlled plasma is to seed jet fuel with potassium salts (or ammonium salts) and you also get heated ionized air. Ionization gives some superior control issues, nut is lower in efficiency as energy goes into making the plasma. The lower temperatures push larger volumes for the same fuel and is more thermodynamically (energy) efficient. minimum energy into a reaction mass is .5m+v^2 in joules is the energy and thrust is m*v in newton seconds . The slower the reaction mass is the more thrust per unit of energy ( 2v newton-seconds per joule). the trick is to speed up more mass with less velocity and get more efficiency. that is how fan jets work to be more efficient than turbojets or ram jets. This system looks to be less efficient than any of the fan jet turbo jet or ram jet. Rockets use a different measure of efficiency use of MASS where jets measure ENERGY efficiency in terms of watts per newton of thrust."

We may want to use cone shape with the smaller hole outside on the surface for expelling the fuel to prevent as much air coming in

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0898122111000204

Magnetic fields could help this, we can put this in a Magnetic Unity setup (Central magnet with lots of electromagnets around a duct that turn on and off and create spiral magnetic field around the central magnet, this can also help spin the fan) to create spiral magnetic fields above and below a wing/fan helping to keep the "cool flame" focused.  Thanks to comment of "The Survivalist" on youtube "You need to pulse it, and to eject the plasma using magnets".

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