Flux Capacitor improved design






AKA: Gasseous Battery, Gas Battery, Gas Flow Battery, Gas Flow Fuel Cell, Pressure Battery, Plasma Battery, Plasma Cell, flame battery, flame fuel cell, flame capacitor, flame cell, triboelectric battery, fire battery, fire cell, etc.

Here we will show an improved design of the flux capacitor.  The purpose of the Flux Capacitor is to achieve very high voltages and/or charges and/or currents that will be used for any purpose but especially for nuclear fusion experiments and also plasma generation in something like the ionic fan or ionic jet fan or the ionic jet engine or any other type of craft or any use whatsoever.  The way the flux capacitor achieves such high voltage potentially is it solves the electrolyte problem of batteries and capacitors (fuel cells, etc).  The electrolyte problem is the issue that arises in a Voltaic Pile or capacitor; in that the whole system cannot be submerged in the same electrolyte.  There must be an "air gap" between the electrolyte of each cell.  Otherwise, the cells short each-other out and you cannot develop any charge.  This makes high voltage batteries and other devices very difficult to make.  The way a flux capacitor solves such a problem is it makes the "electrolyte" less conductive when it is not between the plates, and more conductive when it is between the plates.  This makes it very hard for the stack of cells to short each-other out.  This can be achieved by any means but typically by ionizing the gas (or any medium), heating the medium, pressurizing the medium, adding/removing impurities (doping with metals, salts, or otherwise), igniting or otherwise catalyzing chemical breakdown, etc.

In the above picture of an example flux capacitor we can clearly see the gas being compressed as it goes through the plates and then expanded afterward.  Also the plate section would be likely heated, either enough to achieve slow combustion (cool flame) or hot combustion between the plates.  The medium could be "sparked" between the plates within the system if desired as well (or otherwise catalyzed), instead of just supplying heat.

The purple is insulator, elongated out of the edge of the plates to help prevent charges shorting out the cells.  The negative and positive plates can be arranged just like a voltaic pile with our flux electrolyte (could be gas, aether, liquid, plasma, etc) going between some layers like the electrolyte of a voltaic pile.  The negative and positive plates are fused together in a voltaic pile and the same can be done here, or a "capacilytic" version can be made that there is capacitance between these plates instead of a direct connection.

The plates that are opposite sides of the flux electrolyte (cells) can be connected together with capacitors if desired, but this is not required. Also the whole system can be grounded if desired at any point in the circuit.

In the picture above I have this flux capacitor charging a capacitor, which is ideal for many circumstances, but it could be charging anything desired including batteries, powering a load, or anything else.

If the anode is selected that it degrades/oxidizes/dissolves in the flux electrolyte, the charge can be reversed and power given to the flux capacitor in order to recharge the anode.  But this is not desired in most cases.  Instead the anode and cathode can be selected to deferentially charge in a flow.  This would be a similar principle as TENG (Triboelectric nanogenerator).  For example if metal surfaces are desired, the negative anode could be gold, solid or plated (or tungsten is a good cheap alternative) and the positive anode could be solid or plated with rhenium, thallium, aluminum, titanium, copper (would be like nobel metal battery) or nickel (or anything else with lower electronegativity than gold).  Also coatings (including non-conductors like polyurethane or teflon etc.) can be placed on the electrodes that would deferentially charge based on a triboelectric series.  Of course you can alternatively use zinc, magnesium, lithium, etc to get higher voltages, but these would likely dissolve in the flux electrolyte and would need to be recharged or replaced.

If plasma or cool flame or other type of ionized gaseous flux electrolyte is used,  then silicon dioxide dust/ash (or other compound) can be added to the flow.  This creates what is known as "dusty plasma" and the particles get charged to extreme levels.  As these contact the plates they can impart this charge, significantly boosting our systems effectiveness.

Extra gasses can be pumped in between the plates as well.  For example if this system was using vaporized Methanol or Methane,  right next to the positive plate; oxygen and/or nitrous and/or hydrogen peroxide and/or compressed air and/or any other oxidizer can be added to the stream.  Also hydrogen and/or any reducing agent can be added to the stream right next to the negative plate.  This improves voltage and power.  These aforementioned gasses or otherwise can also or alternatively be added inside the purple region on the other side of the electrodes much like a fuel cell does to improve voltage and not contaminate the stream if desired. (see below picture).  Also instead of or in addition to the aforementioned oxidizers/reducers, flow electrolytes like those from flow batteries can also be used in the same manner as the gasses I described.

The layers of this flux capacitor can be micro even nano, to achieve extremely high voltages in a small footprint.  Very high pressures would need to be used.

All of the flow need not go through the plates, bypass can be allowed if desired for any purpose.


Above picture shows temperatures required for cool flame (standard pressure?)

Above are the electronegativities of the elements pauling scale (how much they pull electrons out of the flux electrolyte so higher equals more negative -anode-)

Another pauling scale above.

Above are the conductivities of the elements.  This shouldn't matter as much if they are merely plated onto conductors instead of being solid material plates.

 Above is the melting points of the elements

Anodes and Cathodes to test (besides noble metals):  tungsten, molybdenum, iron, cobalt, nickel, copper, zinc, aluminum, Vanadium, chromium, yttrium, zirconium, niobium, manganese.

Most promising anodes and cathodes in order: Tungsten, Titanium, Nickel, Copper, Molybdenum, vanadium, chromium

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