4.29.2020

NatureHacker's Nutrient Solution (NNS) Open Source Hydroponic Fogponic Nutrients

Not only will this solution be optimum for natural and possibly organic hydroponic plant growing, it could even be used possibly in plant cell cultures of various types.  The design philosophy here is a cheap, easy to mass produce, organically enhanced, fully natural (no artificial chelators), hydroponic solution which has the missing nutrition of all the Hoagland clones like General Hydroponics and others.  Also it will be a fully water soluble powder mix primarily, never a plastic jug on a shelf amidst the sea of others.

The most premium is a Freeze Dried Compost Tea, but that will be an order of magnitude more expensive than this.

We are going to start with a Hoagland-esce solution, but study plant cell culture medium and also use all knowledge we have and can gain of natural plant based extracts commonly used in the nutritional industry as well as the cell culture industry.

Makes 1 kg DRY MIX (add 5.9g of mix to 1 Liter of DI H20; 22.3g/Gal; 70g/3.2Gal; 1kg/46Gal
Designed to run at full strength with fogponics (ultrasonic fogger).  You can dilute to 1/2 strength if needed.
Check pH; should be 5.8-7.5
Add 1 tbsp 12.5% hydrogen peroxide per gallon of solution as a preservative at 0.05% and also root oxygenator.  Doing this the roots will also be high in catalase so the roots will be a valuable commodity as well.

Nitrogen 500ppm (239ppm from Nitrate) | Phosphorus 100 ppm | Potassium 200ppm | Sodium 180ppm | Calcium 260ppm | Magnesium 180ppm | Sulfur 95ppm | Chloride 30ppm | Iron 5.5ppm

263g     Calcium Nitrate tetrahydrate 54.46/25lb
127g     Magnesium Bis-Glycinate 
119g     Magnesium Sulfate Heptahydrate 6.49/6lb
102g     Sodium BHB
68g       Potassium Nitrate 19.95/4lb
65g       Monosodium Phosphate annhydrous
19g       Monopotassium phosphate 20/1lb
4.7g      Iron (II) Sulfate Heptahydrate 20/5lb
1.5g      Zinc Sulfate Heptahydrate 29.42/500g
1.36g    Manganese Chloride Tetrahydrate 28.94/500g
1.05g    Boric Acid 5.99/4oz
0.042g  Sodium Molybdenate dihydrate 20.95/25g
0.004g  Cobalt Chloride hexahydrate 12.95/15g
34g       Glycine (chelation of trace minerals) 21.99/2lb
17g       Glutamine
17g       Bacteriological Peptone
17g       Shilajit Extract (Humic and Fulvic acid) 61/100g
17g       MyoInositol 22.50/500g
17g       Bamboo extract (Silica) 10/50g
17g       Aloe Vera Extract (saponins, polysaccharides) 15/50g
15g       Dead sea salts (Bromine, Chloride, Low Sodium) 10.49/2lb
8g         Tryptophan
8g         Cystiene HCL
8g         Histadine Base
8g         Kelp extract (auxins, iodine) 17.49/8oz
8g         Yeast extract (B Vitamins) 15.80/100g
8g         Wheatgrass extract (Selenium) 10/50g
8g         Cacao Extract (Nickel and little Cobalt)
8g         Orange Juice Extract  (Citric Acid, Ascorbic Acid, and Sugar)
5g         Arginine base
5g         Tyrosine



It is $500+ to get all the chemicals to make multiple batches.  Shilajit very expensive may want to lower to 10g, if you do you will save 50 cents per 70g.

I developed it by looking at Murashige and Skoog medium (MS) and Hoagland's Solution.  MS Media is a plant cell culture media so is not just everything a normal plant needs, but everything it can use.  Ammonia is omitted and replaced with Nitrates because why should we work with nasty and volatile (not to mention highly regulated) ammonia when plants don't require it?  B vitamins are replaced with yeast extract which contains them.  EDTA that toxic and environmental persistant chelator is replaced with extra glycine which is an excellent natural Iron chelator.  Manganese is lowered since it can build up in plants to levels that aren't needed and potentially toxic to humans.  Sucrose is removed since adult plants don't need it, it adds tons of extra bulk (you can add it yourself if you are using this for cell culture), and will make our solution go bad quicker in nutrient tanks.  Dead Sea Salts (and Calcium Nitrate) are added instead of Calcium Chloride since they contain these minerals and other important ones including a bit of Sodium Chloride.  Copper Sulfate was removed because yeast extract and likely bamboo extract alone provided enough of this nutrient.  All of the extracts are added at intelligent but arbitrary levels so nutrient profiles of these should eventually be taken and levels adjusted accordingly.  Potassium iodide is replaced with Kelp Extract.  Extracts containing Silica and Selenium were added because who in their right mind thinks plants don't need these?

Dead sea salts set at 0.140 g/L so chloride is around 70ppm. Lowered Potassium nitrate and boosted calcium nitrate so I could raise potassium phosphate to be about 1/7th of the combined nitrates.

Lowered Potassium nitrate by 1 g/L and replaced it by 1.8g of amino acids since aminos on average have 1/3 the nitrogen as nitrate (potassium nitrate is 60% nitrate).

Sodium BHB is an all natural sodium source that contains a GABA precursor that may help the plants uptake more Nitrogen.  Also it is a Chloride free source of sodium since chloride over 30ppm hurts plants.  Also BHB (Beta-hydroxybutyrate) is a fatty acid so should help the plant generate fatty molecules.

Amino acids were added to maintain very high nitrogen but staying under 250ppm of Nitrate for plant health.  Also they help chelate minerals.

Magnesium Bis-Glycinate provides helpful glycine which is a great natural chelator amino acid and also provides a sulfate free magnesium source to keep sulfate under 100ppm.

My vision for this, besides just a great cheap organic hydroponic solution for everyone and getting people to produce food locally,  is countries in Africa can make this themselves, distribute it to their people, and Africa can become the "bread basket" (or at least vegetable basket) of the world.  I can see them excelling in hydroponics for their great sunlight and also work ethic of the people.  Also instead of other countries giving Africa food aid, why not give them these minerals which are much lighter to ship and the people can grow their own food?

Amazon list for Fogponic Setup:
https://a.co/1ufc70F

Resources:
https://www.dropbox.com/sh/eokcmz9lzxk5tpg/AAD2KmAow52xlb1uUv0iM9E7a?dl=1

plant culture media comparison
http://www.biologydiscussion.com/plants/plant-tissue-culture/plant-tissue-culture-media-types-constituents-preparation-and-selection/10656

Plant cell culture media explanation
https://www.intechopen.com/books/recent-advances-in-plant-in-vitro-culture/plant-tissue-culture-media

glycine based chelators
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aminopolycarboxylic_acid

fogponic system, possibly use higher nutrient solution concentration without burning roots

solution chiller, plug into fogger timer up to 120 w.  Set temp 68 f.  68-75 is good range.
https://www.chillsolutions.com/products/csxc-1-aquarium-chiller

timer for fogger (start with 3 on 15 off) 1875w so plenty of overhead to power everything, use power strip.
https://www.amazon.com/BN-LINK-Period-Repeat-Intermittent-Interval/dp/B0184CG9K0/ref=sr_1_2?dchild=1&keywords=short+timer&qid=1588213883&s=hi&sr=1-2

floating fogger, sits in gallon bottle inside your 5 gal bucket 22w
https://www.amazon.com/Mist-Maker-Kit-transformer-replacement/dp/B00FGUXLY6/ref=sr_1_17?dchild=1&keywords=ultrasonic+atomizer&qid=1588211570&sr=8-17

Another whole setup in another 1 gallon jug inside 5 gallon bucket that uses distilled/RO water and is on a 1 min on 3 min off timer separate from other timers.  This is needed to keep humidity (RH) at a near constant 100%.  Any evaporation in our system can cause concentration of nutrient solution.The RO water is the one you want to run through the solution chiller.  The nute solution does not need to be chilled.

clippable grow lights
https://www.amazon.com/VOGEK-Adjustable-Gooseneck-Brightness-Settings/dp/B07RTWMTX3

110v fan, need additional timer, plug fan timer into fogger timer and set fan timer 1 min on 1 min off so every minute you get the fan on but only during fogging cycle. 2w use lowest speed.
https://www.amazon.com/Wathai-Controller-Receiver-Playstation-Component/dp/B07VYGQPCZ/ref=sr_1_5?dchild=1&keywords=variable+speed+fan&qid=1588213752&sr=8-5

fan filters
https://www.amazon.com/SilverStone-Technology-SST-FF123B-Filter-Cooling/dp/B00ARB5E8U/ref=sr_1_5?dchild=1&keywords=120mm+fan+filter&qid=1588214513&sr=8-5

fogger should sit inside cut in half and reattached gallon jug inside your 5 gallon bucket where the roots are.

50 gph pump for chiller, chiller and pump should plug into fogger timer 3w.
https://www.amazon.com/ILEBYGO-Submersible-Aquariums-Fountain-Hydroponics/dp/B085VQ9JL6/ref=sr_1_5?dchild=1&keywords=50+gph+water+pump&qid=1588216375&sr=8-5

blumat nutrient spikes into the media holding roots
https://www.amazon.com/Blumat-Watering-Austria-Automatic-Vacation/dp/B00ILX5XTQ/

4.3 in net pot, 2 should fit per 5 gal bucket
https://www.amazon.com/ISKYBOB-Plastic-Hydroponic-Planting-Supplies/dp/B07PXJ5PNR/ref=sr_1_5?dchild=1&keywords=4%2Binch%2Bnet%2Bpot&qid=1588224462&sr=8-5&th=1

cacao extract (or cape gooseberries) may be a source of cobalt
https://www.badmonkeybotanicals.com/organic-cocoa-extract-theobromine-powder?search=cacao
https://www.cobaltinstitute.org/food.html

harmful synthetic chelators do the same thing glycine does, but worse
https://manicbotanix.com/chelates-in-hydroponic-solutions/

Chloride and Bromide overload cause cell swelling
https://naldc.nal.usda.gov/download/IND43968340/PDF

GABA, similar to BHB, upregulates nitrogen uptake by roots
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/j.1365-3040.2004.01208.x

3-1-2 formulation talk
https://www.thcfarmer.com/threads/fatmans-diy-nutrient-mixing-guide.20899/

almond milk powder possible boron source
https://www.algaecal.com/algaecal-ingredients/boron/boron-sources/

essential elements
https://soils.wisc.edu/facstaff/barak/soilscience326/listofel.htm

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