11.23.2020

REPOST: How to create a crowdsourced and gamified search engine

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*This blogger is hosted by google and they literally scrubbed this page from my blogger and the internet!*

Google... they have an utter and seemingly unbreakable monopoly on search.  The only problem is that no one seems to care that much.  Just as long as we can maintain some sort of anonymity, perhaps just not log in when you search or using private browsing we think it is good enough.  Besides search is boring and no one wants to waste their free time thinking about how to make a better search engine.  None of the encrypted or anonymous search engines seem any good.  And they aren't.  But the thing that we have to realize is that neither is google.  Amazing search we have never experienced and we have no idea how amazing it can be.  Keep reading and you will learn how to achieve a search engine that not only gives you literally double the results you are looking for but also instantaneous new content that would take google days or weeks to finally get searchable.


Google is like Encarta.  It seemed amazing when it was in its heyday but once Wikipedia and its billions of pages came around did we realize how limited Encarta really was with its mere tens of thousands of entries.  Google is slow.  Google is incomplete.  But how can this possibly be?  Well the internet isn't just automatically searchable.  Everything that you search has to be indexed by web crawler bots.  Every search engine has to hire these bots to start finding things on the internet for them.  These bots feed website data to a sites database and it is the database that google searches in 0.0002 seconds, not the internet itself.  So if googles bots don't harvest website data far in advance of your search, then you won't find anything.  

Now this web crawling is tough business.  Everyone thinks that the "secret sauce" of google is it's search algorithm.  Basically what that is is the rules of how google orders relevant search results.  This isn't it.  The algorithm is easy.  An algorithm isn't even really needed at all, a simple boolean search is even more powerful and will help you find what you want even better.  So why is google better then?  Its the web crawlers.  Other search engines simply don't have as much content in their database to search compared to google.  So it isn't about algorithm at all, it is about botting.  Google has the botting power.  They likely spend billions of dollars a year in resources to fund their massive constant web crawling campaigns to map out the web.  But like I said this isn't nearly enough.  To really do it well would cost trillions of dollars a year.  And you wonder why yahoo gave up and just uses bing results?  it wasn't because they were too stupid to come up with a good algorithm, they simply couldn't keep up in the botting arms race.  Bet you have never heard of any of this have you?  The industry keeps this a closely guarded secret.

Google only searches about 40-70% of the internet and not only that but their search results are days to weeks old and don't take into account recent website changes.

So how could google possibly improve?  They can't put enough ads on their results to get trillons of dollars a year (but boy do they try!  Half the page is ads now!).  If Google can't even do it then how on earth can anyone compete when all they have is a single bot that will take thousands of years to index the whole web?  Easy.  Crowdsource it.  No one could have imagined competing with encarta and their tens of thousands of articles, especially with no money and no manpower.  But along came Jimmy Wales and he upended encarta overnight by just providing people with one thing...a blank page.  He called it wikipedia.  And with no money and no man power the collective beat out the monopoly...and beat them in spades.  So badly it put encarta out of business for good with no shot whatsoever.

So how can we crowdsource a search engine?  How can we encourage people to use their botting power to help us?  Ever heard of bitcoin?  Bitcoin rewards people for using their botting power to scramble data and verify transactions.  The scrambling data thing always made me curious why all these trillions of dollars in botting resources were being used to mess up data when they could have them do something useful.  But if Bitcoin were created by the NSA for example then the NSA could be using all that bot power to be a digital paper shredder for all the spying they are doing on us, to cover up their tracks.  Or mabye the global banking cabal is using bitcoin scrambling data to cover their tracks when trillions of dollars go missing from the US or Federal reserve or one of their other assets.  There is a reason Ron and Rand Paul have never been able to audit the Fed, we don't own the Fed the Fed owns us.  Borrower is slave to the lender.

Anyway the answer is simple, reward people with bragging rights: give them a unique code for crawling the web for us and contributing their findings to an open source database.  It is kind of like a digital trophy.  They can use a php form to submit url data entries to our database themselves.  When you are having millions of people contributing it must be open source, people aren't going to work for you for free, they are only working for themselves.  For the pride of getting their findings in an open source search engine and/or gain a digital trophy to brag to their  friends with.  One way to have a database open source is to perform hourly or so database dumps and have those available to the public to download.  That way their can be competitors with mirror search engines that will have virtually the exact same search results as your search engine they are just an hour or so behind.  Also these mirror search engines can fork off if they want.

So how do we make this work?  Here is my take but there can be other ways.  Once a user submits a URL and associated metadata and/or full text index; a couple things need to happen.  First we need to verify that the url they are submitting isn't already in our database.  If it isn't then we check to make sure their submission is correct (we need to crawl the url ourselves and double check) and then we can let their submission stand (and generate them a shortened url for that url, we will get back to this).  Or if the url is in the database already then we need to see if the current entry is exactly correct.  If it is not exactly correct (which means the site has been updated) then we need to verify that the new submission is exactly correct then we can let it stand.

Once this is done a new shortened URL is given back to the person who just now submitted it (which means the original url contributor is now cut off from the future of the entry...or their submitted data is tied to a historical snapshot of the site) as well as a passkey to access the digital trophies that the shortened url generates.  All traffic generated by the search engine that pertains to that url will go through the shortened url.  This means we can track how much traffic is generated.  For every so many hits then you can award that person so many trophies.  For example every 1000 hits they get 1 Glow trophy OR for 10 hits they get a gleam trophy.  For example they could choose whether to cash out 30 hits for 3 Gleam trophies or keep saving up for a Glow trophy.  You could encourage people to not cash out until they get a Glow by saying if you get some lesser number of hits say 750 or 900 they can get a Glow trophy.  Yet they could convert thier glow trophy for 100 gleam trophies effectively helping them reap a greater profit.  To claim the trophies they login with their shortened url and passkey and can see how many trophies they have earned and can claim them by viewing them.  Preferably they would have their own spreadsheet of all their shortened url's and passkeys.  When they login to any one of their shortened url's they can click "view trophies" the trophies are created but you can only view the codes temporarily.  Once they view their trophies the codes quickly disappear from sight so the person must copy them and paste them in a document like a spreadsheet that they can save.

You could request that the password (passkey) of the shortened url be changed (and emailed OR viewed instantly) if you know your current passkey.

A trophy is simply a key code.  It doesn't have an account or necessarily a person it belongs to.  It is just a trophy.  Someone could perform a random key change for their digital trophy's code if they don't like the look of their current trophy code (or batch of trophies) if they want and have the new one emailed to them OR viewed instantly.

Alternatively you could make your reward just be a form of forum currency for people to swap that they are not allowed to do any RMT (real money trading) with.  Or you could make a cryptocurrency like bitcoin.  But personally I just like the simplicity and elegance of a digital trophy, it just works.

Now that could work.  The only problem is that it seems there is a lot of double checking that needs to happen.  While this is leveraging the botting power of the internet and our double checking effort should be insignificant compared to the enormous difficulty of finding new URL's, it still requires a lot of work.  Perhaps we could leverage millions of dollars worth of botting power to be as effective as trillions of dollars worth but still we don't have millions of dollars.  What we could do is just allow people to have free edit over the database.  I don't want to make wikipedia's mistake by allowing anyone to delete stuff, so I think it should be 'add only'; each person "owns" the url they added to the database and only they can edit the associated metadata/full text index.  They would get trophies for the traffic their url generates so it is in their best interest to keep the entry updated so they generate as much traffic as possible.  Alternatively we could go full wiki and allow people to only add url's and not delete them but allow anyone to change the associated metadata/index.  Now it would be hard to give trophies for anything in this scenario because if the person who submitted the url (analogous to the person who created a wiki page on Dwight Schrute) is given trophies for how many hits they get, it would be in competitors best interest to saboutage the metadata/index for that url so they can reduce the amount of trophies the url submitter is earning.  But it could still work by allowing people to submit entries for free and get rid of trophies like wikipedia does.

Alternatively we could stick with the method of only the person who submits the url can change the data associated with that url.  Then we could allow people to petition to claim a url someone else already claimed by proving they actually own the url themself.  Also they could petition to claim the url by proving the current data in the database associated with the url is innacurate or significantly outdated for more than a week or so.  These two scenarios are pretty much the same, the person could prove they own the url by changing the page's metadata and showing the current entry is outdated.  They could document that at a certain datetime the metadata of a page is different than the current search result in the search engine.  If the true owner of the url is booted by letting their database entry become outdated, they can reclaim the url again by proving they own it again. This will keep people on their toes and continue to update the database as the site is updated.

The key will be for people who don't actually own the domain but own the current entry in the search engine; to cash out their trophies as soon as possible so that if the true owner claims it they have already taken out all the trophies.  Otherwise the new owner will be able to gain all the trophies the previous owner earned.  It can be kind of like a game to raid and gain trophies.  It is gamification of a search engine.

In any of those cases when someone else proves that the current owner of the url entry isn't keeping it accurate, then the shortened url associated with the url would be changed - and the passkey to access the shortened url's unclaimed and future trophies would also be changed and given to the new person who is now the new owner and sole editor of that entry.

I think that latter case is the best case for us right now.  It is a little sad that only one person is allowed to update an entry; but unlike wikipedia where articles can be miles long; this is just metadata and/or a full text index which are more objective and verifiable facts.

Stay tuned for more discussion on this topic and find the "follow by email" box on this page to get an email whenever I post new content.  Thanks!  
-NatureHacker

11.22.2020

Ripple Snowboard technology for enhanced lift, grip, and reduced drag

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This is the design of a ripple snowboard.  Some benefits to this are enhanced lift in snow, and enhanced grip.  It may increase drag a bit from the side view ripples, but the front view ripples (head on) may reduce drag with less contact area with the snow.

The large scale curves are based on v-rocker and flying v designs.  The small scale curves are the ripple that this invention is based on.  They can also be used on any large scale shape of board, from flat, to traditional camber, to offset camber to anything else.  The edges themselves do not need to follow the small scale ripples in the side view, but just the large scale waves (if there are any).

I think the head on view is the most important dimension to give nice smooth turns and should be reverse cambered similar to this.  Also notice the ripples.  Of course the ripples can be used on any base design from traditional flat to anything else.


Here we have my ideal version.  This uses traditional camber to achieve increased pop towards the nose and tail, and reverse camber (v rocker) between the feet to enhance floaty feeling and less tendency to catch an edge.  The front view uses reverse camber to help transitioning from edge to edge to be easy.  There can be flat tunable edges if desired but this design with the small level ripples could make edges obsolete entirely as the ripples would give you grip.

The ripples do not need to be along the entire base, but can be used on certain spots only if desired for any purpose or use or benefit.

These designs may seem harder to do base repair or waxing, but as long as the waxing or base repair iron and scraper had grooves (like a comb) to match the ripples of the board and would be used only in the tip to tail direction, as this is the direction that you are supposed to scrape and wax iron anyway.

The ripples can be any size, shape, or dimension.  Here they are exaggerated for illustration purposes.

This isn't just for snowboards but can be any board that is in contact with a medium, whether that is skiis, sleds, or wakeboards or boats or wings or anything else.

11.21.2020

"Streaming safe mode" for games or other apps

Archive

https://archive.is/6AHah

https://web.archive.org/web/20201121170422/https://www.naturehacker.org/2020/11/streaming-safe-mode-for-games-or-other.html?m=1

With the rise of streaming many game companies and other app companies and websites or service companies including internet providers or anyone else, may want their software to be used in streams.  Some companies like Respawn with apex legends wanted to be used so much for tournaments and streaming that they ommited music from their game entirely.

This invention is for a mode in games, apps, websites or any type of software or  service like twitch, youtube, facebook, ISP, or anyone else or hardware including consoles, computers, televisions, phones, tablets, mixers, audio or video output or capture devices, or anything else including analog or digital where there is a "safe mode" for streaming.  It can be called safe mode or anything else or have no name but is a mode where copyright things are not streamed or it notifies or pays or otherwise keeps track of for copyright holders or anyone else when something copyright is used. This mode can be turned on manually, automatically, be permanent, required or otherwise automatic to stream, be integrated with one or more streaming platforms, or any other way.

In this safe mode copyright things are either ommited or switched for non copyright things like royalty free music, videos, games or any other form of content that is not bound by copyright.  Or it simply can keep track of or otherwise facilitate liscencing from copyright holders to happen.

To be clear I do not want this to be done, this open source patent is just so no one company can patent this idea and monopolize legal streaming content.


11.17.2020

Cellulose Functionalized Nano-Hydroxyapatite

Archive: https://archive.is/eDIiL 

https://archive.is/gPKEG

In our last post we talked about combining nano hydroxyapatite with cellulose.  This invention is similar, growing the nano or micro hydroxyapatite on regenerated or nano or micro cellulose or any other fibrous molecule including collagen or keratin or starch or anything else.

To create nano hydroxyapatite we combine an ionic calcium and ionic phosphate at a 1.67:1 molar ratio (respectively) and then raise the pH to roughly 10 to cause the calcium and phosphorus to precipitate into nano crystals.  

To functionalize it, you can have an added ingredient added either to one or both of the solutions above in any order at any time using any protocol to make nano hydroxpapatite.  In our case now cellulose is our added ingredient.  The cellulose or other fibrous molecule or anything else can be modified in any way if desired to enhance mineralization with hydroxyapatite.

For an example we can combine ionic calcium and ionic phosphorus solution while stirring.  Next we can add regenerated cellulose.  Then we can stir and then add dropwise an alkaline solution like ammonium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide or sodium hydroxide or any alkaline soluble solution.  This will cause the hydroxyapatite to use the cellulose particles as seeds to grow on, and the cellulose will also likely be mineralized entirely in this process.

My current process for nHAp is:

Combine: 

Calcium nitrate tetrahydrate 70.84g
Phosphoric acid 85% 12.32mL

In 500mL distilled H2O, then add: 

KOH 40g in 500mL added dropwise during stirring

Theoretical yield 30g nHAp

Silica can also be added as a functionalizing particle, and soluble silica solutions can be added at any step in hydroxyapatite manufacture as well.

Other ingredients like citric acid, glycine or any other amino acid or protein or mixture thereof of natural or artificial origin, other cations like magnesium or zinc, or anything else can also be used to substitute into the nano-hydroxyapatite crystal by addition of soluble solutions at any point in the nano hydroxyapatite manufacture.  The nano-hydroxyapatite spoken of can be produced by any method including wet precipitation, sol gel, or any other method to produce hydroxyapatite. 

And of course like all of my inventions, this can be used for any purpose whatsoever including but not limited to dentifrice like teeth powder and toothpaste and mouthwash and gel etc to water purification and anything else.


functionalizing cellulose https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/adfm.201800409

cellulose binding cations https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/0308814694901198

cellulose alkaline hydroxides https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/INTERACTION-OF-CELLULOSE-WITH-ALKALI-METAL-IONS-AND-%C3%96zt%C3%BCrk-Vu-Manh/f02d45ba23ecfb155b0f2639510ef4014358b9f7?p2df

Nano dispersed regenerated cellulose

https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlehtml/2019/ta/c8ta09959f

11.09.2020

HAPPEN improvement: Hydroxyapatite Emulsified Nanoparticles

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Wayback Machine

In the past we have talked about HAPPEN and cellulose in teeth remineralization ingredients.

We know that collagen makes up a large proportion of teeth.  Basically what happens is that amorphous calcium phosphate (ACP) mineralizes collagen fibers to form enamel.  Collagen can be used in this design but also I believe cellulose can work as well for a vegan alternative to collagen.  In this design we combine nano-hydroxyapatite (or microcrystalline hydroxyapatite, or ACP, or OCP or any other calcium phosphate or calcium phosphate forming compound) and combine it with collagen or cellulose or any other protein or fiber forming compound in a liquid slurry.  It then can be dried by any method including but not limited to lyophilization (freeze drying) or just standard drying with a fan.  

In our case our slurry will be formed with 12% hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) with nano hydroxyapatite and other molecules including calcium citrate as well as regenerated cellulose (made from cotton dissolved in phosphoric acid then diluted with water into the hot phosphoric acid to form microspheres then centrifuged and washed a few times to neutral pH.  Nano-cellulose or other similar fibers can also be used), and other minerals and amino acids including, magnesium glycinate, sodium citrate, zinc citrate, potassium gluconate, potassium iodide, selenium, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, possibly glycine, etc.  This will be made into a slurry and then dried at room temperature by a fan directed over it.

This will be dried and ground into a fine powder and this is enhanced nano hydroxyapatite peroxide.  This powder then will be added to saponins like ginseng extract and oils in the formulation along with more vitamins and amino acids and minerals and ground in a herb grinder to create HAPPEN which is emulsified nanoparticles of hydroxyapatite peroxide.  Other emulsifiers can be used, preferably of natural origin, but I found that phospholipids like those found in sunflower lecithin were bad and promoted infection and tooth root abscess in cracked teeth.

Citrate

https://www.pnas.org/content/107/52/22369

great article on remineralization

http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.119.1783&rep=rep1&type=pdf

10% nano hap

https://www.obelis.net/news/nano-hydroxyapatite-is-it-safe/

dentine pulp graph

https://coggle.it/diagram/Wq9-j8GZixVNf-kF/t/3-dentine-pulp-complex

tubule size 1-5 um

http://www.dent.nu.ac.th/DFCT2017/fullpaper/JDAT%20DFCT10.pdf

amorphous calcium phosphate

https://oatao.univ-toulouse.fr/4680/1/Combes_4680.pdf

sodium citrate stabilizes h2o2

https://www.waterboards.ca.gov/losangeles/board_decisions/adopted_orders/WDR_Update/Sodiumcitrate,sodiummalonate,andsodiumphytate-OxidantActivators.pdf

11.01.2020

The Flux Cycle (One-Way for Flux Capacitors)

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archive.org  

https://archive.is/j2LX4

This post talks about the cycle that could be used for a flux capacitor.  This cycle can be "one-way" (or two or three way, etc) or a loop.  I won't describe multiple-way, but in essence, media (including fuel and/or oxidizer or anything else) could be introduced from multiple directions to the flux plates.

This post focuses on One-Way Flux Cycle.  This will likely be the most common build of the capacitor since it is the least complex and can provide good results if designed properly, however it will never be as efficient as a loop configuration (which we will go over later).

Any medium can be used, be that aether, gas, liquid, solid (like dust), plasma, flame, cool flame, a hybrid, or anything else. 

This system can be standalone or could just be a way to derive some electrical power from another process like a jet engine or rocket or anything else for example.  If standalone it should be designed to extract as much of the chemical energy from the input as possible to reach highest efficiency.

*As an update:  it is probably best to choke (restrict) the flow *after* the plates (not right on the plates like the picture shows) to increase pressure on the plates.  Also the restriction will speed up the flow and probably "put out" the ionization so the ionization doesn't carry on outside the plates thus shorting the circuit.

In this diagram we see the One-Way Flux Cycle.  What it consists of in its most basic elements is a enclosed area (a flux capacitor can also run in an open area but this is an enclosed cycle) with any medium (most commonly fuel and oxidizer) introduced over flux plates and exhaust.  Lets break down each element in the above diagram.

  • Entrance: We have fuel and oxidizer introduced preferably well mixed with a minimum of pressure drop.  A fan can be used to mix but that would cause a pressure drop (or it can improve the pressure if the fans are used to pressurize the compression section).  The fuel and oxidizer could be pre-mixed but this significantly increases danger in case this system was to be compromised in a crash or other kind of disaster.
  • Energy Storage: Next we have a capacitor and/or battery and/or anything used to store energy.  This energy would be harvested from the flux plates (triboelectric plates)
  • Triboelectric plates: These are the Flux plates and likely would be triboelectric or galvanic or anything else that allows ionized media to charge differentially.  See my Flux Capacitor post for more info.  A multiple stage design could have multiple flux plate sections.
  • Compression section: This section allows for the media to be pressurized.  For a compressible media this would be a smaller crossectional area, perhaps for incompressible media the crossection should be bigger due to bernoulli's principle.  Fans or compressed media addition, or any other method can also be used to boost compression here to help the gasses ionize in this area.  We want the gasses to be ionized here and non-ionized elsewhere so our plates don't short each-other out.
  • Insulators: We don't want ionized gasses connecting plates together because this can short out our system and we loose charge.  These "insulators" are anything (not necessarily insulators) that would prevent this shorting out by allowing medium to de-ionize before it leaves the section.  They could even be charged or anything else to help neutralize the medium by any means (including but not limited to removal of dopants).
  • Ionization catalyst: this can be anything that improves the chances that our medium is ionized near the plates and nowhere else.  Here I am showing heat as a catalyst.  Spark, electric/magnetic fields, chemical catalysts, or anything else can be used to catalyze ionization of the medium on/between the plates but not outside them to prevent shorting of the charge circuit.  It can be introduced externally (like in the case of added heat) or can be done internally like a spark or dopant like metal ions or anything else.
  • Ionized gasses: This could be any medium, not just gasses but gas will be very common.  The ionization should happen between the plates and not "spill over" to other plates as this would short out our circuit.  Ionization is important (but not essential to the flux capacitor or flux cycle) because it splits the charges and should allow each plate to be charged differently leading to a potential difference between 2 plates (voltage).
  • Generator fan: After our "combustion" has happened on the flux plates, and from the pressure of the medium introduced in the first place, we will likely have lots of expansion and speed of the medium after ionization is complete.  This mechanical energy should be harvested if desired to improve efficiency.  A simple fan or turbine or anything else that can convert pressure/speed of the medium into power or another usable form, can be used.  The fan can be triboelectric to help harvest some chemical energy leftover as well.  Or even afterburner can be used and the exhaust used as thrust.

If a cool flame or otherwise is used, the exhaust gasses can be reformed for use later/elsewhere if desired as well. 

Also the plates can move.  A good example of this would be the flux plates actually in a "tesla turbine" like configuration where the plates spin.  This could be a great way to sap energy from the pressure/speed of the flow as well as the chemical potential energy with the ionization between the plates at the same time.  Also the spinning disk may in fact actually help us to change the properties of the medium between the plates and prevent the "shorting out" of our system.

10.31.2020

Ellagic Acid bacteria testing

Taking ellagic acid at more than 1.5g a day (especially at one time) caused a few issues.  First I got heartburn.  I think this is from the ellagic killing off H pylori and leaving bacteria that cause heartburn (these bacteria are neutralized with garlic, likely enterobacteria like ecoli, salmonella, klebsellia, proteus, etc) (probably e coli since that is inhibited most by garlic).  Next after sleeping after taking ellagic I got pressure inside my head in the third eye zone with the characteristic smell in my nasopharanx that I got from taking DMT.  To me this proves pseudomonas infection in the head degrading DMT from REM sleep.  Also pseudomonas seems to cause somach pain like tummy ache when you wake up in the morning.  Mustard and cinnamon neutralizes pseudomonas.  Also I noticed some brain zaps, which is from campylobacter asnd neutralized with ginger.

After taking ellagic, getting heartburn and taking garlic, woke up with stomach ache and took mustard to fight it.  Mustard might have fought pseudomonas. Then got pin prick feelings caused by clostridium.

Another time after taking the mix of ellagic, garlic, ginger, and mustard all those problems went away but I noticed lower back (kidney pain).  This is from temporary blood clots created on my glomeruli in my kidneys.  To combat this I took cranberry powder.  This helped my lower back but caused pin prick sensations which is likely due to clostridium perferingins.  I took tribulus and gynostemma extracts whic target clostridia and this solved the issue.


Also stiff neck from haemophilus cured with cinnqmon or lavender.

Flux Capacitor improved design

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https://archive.is/Zxx6l 

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https://archive.vn/bqgCR  

https://archive.is/GnCqd

AKA: Gasseous Battery, Gas Battery, Gas Flow Battery, Gas Flow Fuel Cell, Pressure Battery, Plasma Battery, Plasma Cell, flame battery, flame fuel cell, flame capacitor, flame cell, triboelectric battery, fire battery, fire cell, etc.

Here we will show an improved design of the flux capacitor.  The purpose of the Flux Capacitor is to achieve very high voltages and/or charges and/or currents that will be used for any purpose but especially for nuclear fusion experiments and also plasma generation in something like the ionic fan or ionic jet fan or the ionic jet engine or any other type of craft or any use whatsoever.  The way the flux capacitor achieves such high voltage potentially is it solves the electrolyte problem of batteries and capacitors (fuel cells, etc).  The electrolyte problem is the issue that arises in a Voltaic Pile or capacitor; in that the whole system cannot be submerged in the same electrolyte.  There must be an "air gap" between the electrolyte of each cell.  Otherwise, the cells short each-other out and you cannot develop any charge.  This makes high voltage batteries and other devices very difficult to make.  The way a flux capacitor solves such a problem is it makes the "electrolyte" less conductive when it is not between the plates, and more conductive when it is between the plates.  This makes it very hard for the stack of cells to short each-other out.  This can be achieved by any means but typically by ionizing the gas (or any medium), heating the medium, pressurizing the medium, adding/removing impurities (doping with metals, salts, or otherwise), igniting or otherwise catalyzing chemical breakdown, etc.

In the above picture of an example flux capacitor we can clearly see the gas being compressed as it goes through the plates and then expanded afterward.  Also the plate section would be likely heated, either enough to achieve slow combustion (cool flame) or hot combustion between the plates.  The medium could be "sparked" between the plates within the system if desired as well (or otherwise catalyzed), instead of just supplying heat.

The purple is insulator, elongated out of the edge of the plates to help prevent charges shorting out the cells.  The negative and positive plates can be arranged just like a voltaic pile with our flux electrolyte (could be gas, aether, liquid, plasma, etc) going between some layers like the electrolyte of a voltaic pile.  The negative and positive plates are fused together in a voltaic pile and the same can be done here, or a "capacilytic" version can be made that there is capacitance between these plates instead of a direct connection.

The plates that are opposite sides of the flux electrolyte (cells) can be connected together with capacitors if desired, but this is not required. Also the whole system can be grounded if desired at any point in the circuit.

In the picture above I have this flux capacitor charging a capacitor, which is ideal for many circumstances, but it could be charging anything desired including batteries, powering a load, or anything else.

If the anode is selected that it degrades/oxidizes/dissolves in the flux electrolyte, the charge can be reversed and power given to the flux capacitor in order to recharge the anode.  But this is not desired in most cases.  Instead the anode and cathode can be selected to deferentially charge in a flow.  This would be a similar principle as TENG (Triboelectric nanogenerator).  For example if metal surfaces are desired, the negative anode could be gold, solid or plated (or tungsten is a good cheap alternative) and the positive anode could be solid or plated with rhenium, thallium, aluminum, titanium, copper (would be like nobel metal battery) or nickel (or anything else with lower electronegativity than gold).  Also coatings (including non-conductors like polyurethane or teflon etc.) can be placed on the electrodes that would deferentially charge based on a triboelectric series.  Of course you can alternatively use zinc, magnesium, lithium, etc to get higher voltages, but these would likely dissolve in the flux electrolyte and would need to be recharged or replaced.

If plasma or cool flame or other type of ionized gaseous flux electrolyte is used,  then silicon dioxide dust/ash (or other compound) can be added to the flow.  This creates what is known as "dusty plasma" and the particles get charged to extreme levels.  As these contact the plates they can impart this charge, significantly boosting our systems effectiveness.

Extra gasses can be pumped in between the plates as well.  For example if this system was using vaporized Methanol or Methane,  right next to the positive plate; oxygen and/or nitrous and/or hydrogen peroxide and/or compressed air and/or any other oxidizer can be added to the stream.  Also hydrogen and/or any reducing agent can be added to the stream right next to the negative plate.  This improves voltage and power.  These aforementioned gasses or otherwise can also or alternatively be added inside the purple region on the other side of the electrodes much like a fuel cell does to improve voltage and not contaminate the stream if desired. (see below picture).  Also instead of or in addition to the aforementioned oxidizers/reducers, flow electrolytes like those from flow batteries can also be used in the same manner as the gasses I described.

The layers of this flux capacitor can be micro even nano, to achieve extremely high voltages in a small footprint.  Very high pressures would need to be used.

All of the flow need not go through the plates, bypass can be allowed if desired for any purpose.

 

Above picture shows temperatures required for cool flame (standard pressure?)

Above are the electronegativities of the elements pauling scale (how much they pull electrons out of the flux electrolyte so higher equals more negative -anode-)


Another pauling scale above.

Above are the conductivities of the elements.  This shouldn't matter as much if they are merely plated onto conductors instead of being solid material plates.


 Above is the melting points of the elements

Anodes and Cathodes to test (besides noble metals):  tungsten, molybdenum, iron, cobalt, nickel, copper, zinc, aluminum, Vanadium, chromium, yttrium, zirconium, niobium, manganese.

Most promising anodes and cathodes in order: Tungsten, Titanium, Nickel, Copper, Molybdenum, vanadium, chromium


Possible way to improve a battery including Voltaic Pile: Capacitance "Capacilyte Pile"

Archive:

https://archive.is/8yaOE

archive.org 

Here is a proposed method to improve power or voltage (or other factors) of a battery or other device that uses electrolyte of any type; including flux capacitors that use plasma or other gaseous electrolyte or any type of electrolyte at all.


 

In the diagram above we can see that it looks like a standard Voltaic Pile except instead of the negative and positive plate being in contact with each other, we have them separated with a powerful dielectric like barium titanate or similar high dielectric material.  So we have positive and negative separated by electrolyte and dielectric, alternately.  Another option is instead of the dielectric directly separating the two plates, they could simply be insulated from each-other and have a capacitor connecting the two.

Typically a battery for example will dissolve the negative anode and those electrons would flow into the positive plate it is in contact with, and these electrons would get transferred through the electolyte to the negative side and so on until they make it across the entire stack to the negative anode and put through the circuit.   This makes for internal resistance of the pile a big factor in how much power the pile can attain.

In this design we don't need the electrons to flow the entire length of the pile.  The electrolyte polarizes the negative and positive electrodes and charge builds up.  Instead of this charge flowing through the next cell, the charge then helps polarize the next cell across the dielectric and so on until the end of the stack.  In the same way voltage grows by the batteries/capacitors being connected in series.  The maximum voltage able to be attained for the capacilyte pile should be higher than with a typical voltaic pile since there is a voltage gain with each capacitor as well as each battery cell.  Basically more charge can be stored in this pile than in the version without capacitance.



10.29.2020

How to create a Magnetic Monopole: A Procedure

Archive:  

https://archive.is/ctYW6

https://archive.is/R6rTQ

Once you understand how magnets actually work, it is easy to design a procedure for creating a magnetic monopole.  However using this method the magnet will start becoming less polar if the sister magnet is removed as the magnet will immediately try to equilibrate itself.  Of course Neodymium or other exotic materials will retain monopolarity for longer.

Here is how to create a permanent magnet monopole.


What this picture shows is a simple process to create a two different permanent magnetic monopolar magnets.  Simply wrap a ferromagnetic material (or anything else that can become magnetized) with wire and send current in one direction.  In the case of the above magnet, clockwise.

Next do the same for another piece of material and put this in proximity to, in this picture below, the first magnet.  Put a wire around it and send current in the opposite direction than you did for the first magnet.  The "air gap" between should be as magnetically permeable as possible to allow this system to act as a single magnet while it is being magnetized.  Then replace the magnetically permeable material with something that blocks magnetic fields like bismuth/iron layers to prevent them from reversing eachother.  Then shut off the currents and you should have two monopolar mamgnets.

This theory is based on the notion that during magnetization a magnet tries to become a monopole, but there must be opposing spin in the magnet to reach equilibrium.  In this method we are allowing another magnet to become the opposite spin, so each individual magnet can become a monopole.  Likely the monopole would only last a short time once the second magnet is removed, so measurements would need to be fast before it depolarizes itself.

This method may also be used for making regular magnets, with the top and bottom magnetized opposite to each-other, as this may make for stronger magnets.

10.26.2020

The Ionic Jet Engine: The High Level Design

Archive:

https://archive.is/4EhOw

https://archive.is/00aMQ

https://archive.is/lJZAt 

So here I will describe an Ionic FanJet (TurboFan) Engine but you can extrapolate to what an Ionic Jet Engine and a Ionic TurboJet Engine would be like.  Below is a picture and I will describe it below.

What we have here is a Ionic FanJet Engine and I will describe the parts.  The light grey is high bismuth shroud around the main power producing part (power plant) of the engine. Bismuth repels magnetic fields so will keep our plasma confined within the shroud and away from the wall reducing drag.  It can be pure bismuth or likely would be layers of bismuth with magnesium and zinc to lower weight.  Also on the inside face or embedded in this bismuth shroud would be electromagnets (or permanent magnets).  These electromagnets are producing a magnetic field that (by turning on and off the electromagnets in a synchronized pattern) spins around the power plant in an opposite direction to the fan angle of attack.  This opposite direction and opposite angle of attack acts like a "Magnetic Stator" that squeezes the plasma backwards in the power plant out the back.  Electro or permanent magnets in the center (in the shaft?) can be used to improve/tune the magnetic field but are not necessary.  In addition to the field acting like a stator, it also donates magnetic field lines to the plasma thus magnetizing the plasma and helping it to work even in low pressure environments (like a solar flare in space) and improving control-ability (keeping it way from walls and reducing drag).  Plasma magnetizes itself by spinning in a spiral but this should magnetize it even more than typical.  Dusty plasma is cool as it can cause cold fusion, but typically cold fusion is a energy consuming not energy creating process so we should probably keep dust to a minimum (and the ionic charges can work like a Ionic Air purifier!).

Within this power plant we have Wet Ionic Jet Fans.  Wet in this case means they emit fuel on their leading face.  This fuel is not "burned" in the traditional sense but achieves a cool flame (plasma) state from electric oxidation of the fuel.  Cool Flames typically are not 100% efficient, but having the multiple Wet Ionic Jet Fan stages will help improve efficiency.

Also behind the power-plant is a Dry Ionic Fan (optional) which helps finish oxidation of remaining unused fuel.  The addition of fresh high oxygen intake air to this fan will help complete oxidation of the products produced in the power plant.  Alternatively if extra power is needed, this fan can be run wet as well but at a loss of fuel efficiency (acting like an afterburner).  This fan can power itself as an Ionic Fan can, or can be connected to the (optional) shaft driven primarily by the powerplant.

In front of the power plant we have another Dry Ionic Fan.  Again, this can also be run wet but at the (less likely) expense of reduced fuel efficiency.  However if the Ionic Fan at the back of the engine is run dry, this front engine can be run wet at likely pretty good but not the best efficiency.  Wet Jet Fans operating in the powerplant with the magnetic field will always have the best efficiency.  The main goal of this front fan is the same in a typical FanJet Engine to pressurize the intake air and use some torque from the powerplant to create additional thrust via the optional shaft.  This front ionic fan can also be run separately if desired as Ionic fans can produce their own torque.  If it is found the powerplant needs to run at a higher pressure, then multiple stage inlet fans can be used just like a typical jet engine to achieve the correct pressure.

Notice the front of the engine is positively charged and the rear is negatively charged.  Of course the Wet and Dry Ionic Jet Fans also have their own charges, but charging the high level container as well will help propel the engine toward the direction of positive charge via generating more ionic wind that goes out the back of the engine improving thrust.  Also this negative charge at the exhaust helps lower drag of the gasses on the back of the engine. (Aside: the backside (negative) side of the blades and backside of the engine as a whole will likely get charged dust stuck to it, but should easily clean off.)

So we have a setup that looks very similar to a TurboFan Engine.  So what makes this "better" than a typical jet engine?  Well first of all it is much more fuel efficient.  Using our "Ionic Jet Fan" invention as the powerhouse/motor of this Jet engine, efficiency should likely be quite high because not only is the fuel atomized, but "plasmatized" for optimal energy extraction.  Also it runs cooler.  Using Cool Flame (plasma) technology, the engine and exhaust should be just warm.  It should be very quiet as well.  It is also a hybrid.  The use of electrical power (high voltage, probably best produced on demand by a flux capacitor which could be in series with the engine, but can be supplied fully or partially via batteries, capacitors, fuel cells, or anything else) in addition to chemical fuel allows us to use very diverse fuels that are less in demand (some ideas are a butane/wax combo, turpentine, turpentine+wax, methanol, ethanol, hydrogen, hydrogen sulfide/telluride, etc.) and also improve the efficiency of utilizing our electrical power and chemical fuels via synergy.

This is the technology of Flying Cars! (Obviously they would be on the 4 corners (or 2 front 1 back) pointed upwards and they would gimble slightly to steer.  I do not envision horizontal ones but of course they could be used.  Horizontal would work well in traditional winged aircraft or craft that goes through any other medium including water, aether, etc.  Also horizontal orientation would work well in "car mode" where the car is on unpowered wheels.  Of course some or all of this technology can be used in more typical jet engines for any purpose and at any place in the system.


10.25.2020

The Ionic Jet Fan (Plasma Jet)

Archive:

https://archive.is/gvJMT

https://archive.is/Hslgl

Instead of combusting fuel like a typical jet or rocket engine, the Ionic Jet (or Ionic Rocket) instead uses "Cool Flame" (Plasma) technology by oxidizing the fuel with electric (or triboelectric) charge (pulsed or direct) instead of igniting it directly.  The vaporized fuel can be pressurized to improve the Cool Flame effect but this is not required.

Below is an example of a preferred embodiment (fan blade crossection):


In this embodiment (Ionic Jet Fan) a wing/blade is wherein the ionic jet effect takes place.  Fuel within the blade (solid, liquid, or gas) is expelled from the front of the blade (passively or actively), and passes over positive charged surface (preferably square pyramid in form) which oxidizes the fuel (chemical oxidizers and/or catalysts can also be used on the surface or within the stream itself in addition to or instead of positive electrical charge).  Incoming air streams help to pressurize this gas improving the "cool flame" effect.  The oxidized fuel (and oxidized air mixed in) is now attracted to the negative charge on the back of the blade.  This causes an ionic wind, but the addition of the oxidation of the fuel creates a much stronger ionic wind that is jet-like in nature.  The surrounding boundary layer of air also surrounds and confines the oxidized stream causing a jet-engine like effect.  The negative charge on the back of the blade not only attracts the oxidized fuel products, but also helps neutralize them, therefore reducing drag on the backside of the blade increasing lift.

Ionic Rockets and Jets can be built just like normal rockets and jets the only difference being that instead of sparking or igniting a fuel/oxidizer mixture, the ionic version simply electrically oxidizes the fuel (or fuel/air or fuel/gas or fuel/catalyst or fuel/oxidizer or a combination) using high voltage (optionally in combination with chemical oxidizers/catalysts) .   A "Cool Flame" effect will likely always be seen in such a setup and may be preferred.  Also preferably there would be a negative charge that directs the oxidized fuel toward it; improving thrust and helps neutralize it which reduces drag.

In our preferred embodiment this would be used to increase the power of - or power on it's own - A fan or other rotary device that moves or grips any medium, or a generator that is moved by a medium.  It can also be used to power, increase lift, or otherwise improve, a directional craft such as a plane or a boat.  See my Ionic Fan invention as well.

This technology may also create or improve invisibility or other stealth abilities.  This would depend on what fuel is used and preferably would be a superconducting gas such as hydrogen sulfide or hydrogen telluride.  The cooler the flame, the likely better the effects on light.

Of course the incoming air can be pressurized if desired by any means, and this would create an Ionic TurboJet.  In the case of the ionic jet fan, one of these means could be a fan in series pressurizing the air before arriving at the ionic jet fan assembly.

Also the Voltage between the negative and positive sides could be adjusted based on speed/pressure or other factors to help prevent electrical arcing from the backside to frontside of the blade.

Below is a similar invention but it uses microwaves to ionize pressurized air and it ignites it with a spark.  This is significantly different from what we describe here, but still shows that the principle is valid.

Marvin Carlson's Comment on the above video showing that Cool Flame technology is more efficient than hot flames (makes sense, less energy is directed into heat and more into thrust)

"I worked on something like this at Boeing in the 1980's for other applications. Too much power consumption was the result then and now. A magnetron is about 65% efficient and all you are doing is heating air. It is more efficient if you are going to make a controlled plasma is to seed jet fuel with potassium salts (or ammonium salts) and you also get heated ionized air. Ionization gives some superior control issues, nut is lower in efficiency as energy goes into making the plasma. The lower temperatures push larger volumes for the same fuel and is more thermodynamically (energy) efficient. minimum energy into a reaction mass is .5m+v^2 in joules is the energy and thrust is m*v in newton seconds . The slower the reaction mass is the more thrust per unit of energy ( 2v newton-seconds per joule). the trick is to speed up more mass with less velocity and get more efficiency. that is how fan jets work to be more efficient than turbojets or ram jets. This system looks to be less efficient than any of the fan jet turbo jet or ram jet. Rockets use a different measure of efficiency use of MASS where jets measure ENERGY efficiency in terms of watts per newton of thrust."

We may want to use cone shape with the smaller hole outside on the surface for expelling the fuel to prevent as much air coming in

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0898122111000204

Magnetic fields could help this, we can put this in a Magnetic Unity setup (Central magnet with lots of electromagnets around a duct that turn on and off and create spiral magnetic field around the central magnet, this can also help spin the fan) to create spiral magnetic fields above and below a wing/fan helping to keep the "cool flame" focused.  Thanks to comment of "The Survivalist" on youtube "You need to pulse it, and to eject the plasma using magnets".

10.24.2020

The Ionic Fan - or any other rotating device that creates lift or drag

Archive Link :  

https://archive.is/oUtBa

https://archive.is/SSlMa

https://archive.is/fSxUU 

This idea can work for a rotating device or a directional device like a wing or float etc.

So we know there are a couple ways to drive a fan.  One way is from a combustion engine like the radiator cooling fan on cars.  The most common way is with an electric motor.  There is also a jet engine.

Well lets think of some more interesting ways.  You can have a rocket powered fan.  Something like the below.


This would work but would be very fuel inefficient.  Jet engines were designed to improve fuel efficiency of fuel being combusted.

Little spinner ion motors work just like the above picture but with I believe negative ion flows instead of combusted gasses/fuel coming out the back.

But what if we could make an ionic fan better.  See the below video.

So I have been saying this for a while in my fan posts (see randomization and movement tag).  But I have been saying we need positive charge on the front surface of the fan blade and negative charge on the back surface.  I didn't realize until now that this would actually power our fan as well!  See the picture below for an explanation.

The video above shows the principle, as the positive ions on the front of the blade are attracted to the negative ions on the back of the blade, it accelerates the air backward and just like a rocket this powers the blade forward.  Intuitively I knew that donating electrons to the air on the back of our blade would help and stealing electrons from air on the front of the blade would help based on how Teflon works to reduce drag and our Theory of Friction. Also we have an article on the faster air is going on the backside (top) of the blade and the slower it is going on the front side (bottom), the more lift we create.  But now we realize this principle can actually power our fan, no motor needed, just a high voltage power supply!

What are the brown spikes on the front of the fan?  These are square pyramid shapes.  We know based on triboelectricity that this is the most efficient shape for harvesting electricity from moving air.  We also need the sharp points that this shape provides to give places for the positive ions to gather.  I think the reason why the pyramid shape is best because it gets the best contact with the air but at the same time doesn't make the flow too turbulent.

It is possible from the rear negatively charged face (these can be charged in any way desired using any materials) to have pyramids as well to improve ion wind flow but make the voltage attained without reaching air breakdown and shorting the front positive surface to the rear negative. 


This is flying cars and hoverboards and flying bikes!  The technology is here!  Other uses can include fans, drones, helicopters, planes, model planes, and anything that gains traction within any medium including liquids, any gasses, aether or anything else.

Of course a hybrid system with motor or combustion and charged blades would probably end up being best. The charged blade can increase the RPM and/or lift the system achieves under alternate power, instead of the ionic wind from the charge differential to power it itself.

The charges on the surfaces can be gained actively (power supply or any other generator/storage of charge) or passively by the medium, chemical interactions, chemical coatings (like teflon), tribocharging materials, etc.  Likely a bird wing would have a more negatively tribocharging surface on the top of the wing and a positive turbocharging surface on the bottom of the wing to improve lift.

Possibility: We know that electric antigravity works and positive charge (or maybe it's negative) on the bottom of something will repel the earth's gravity (which itself is just a charge).  So this fact will make our ionic fan not only self powered from only a high voltage blowing air downward and giving us lift, but electrical antigravity in a stable version!  The rotation of the fan gives us gyroscopic effect we would need to stabilize our antigravity craft.

 PSS: It turns out that antigravity typically works with the craft being pulled toward the positive charge.  So this would make our craft want to go down instead of up.  Reversing the charges might be beneficial with the negative on the front/bottom and positive on the back/top.  It is worth trying. 

Here is a very similar patent but this has the electrode and counter electrode nearby each-other in a spaced relationship, mine places them together on the same blade in a physically connected (but not electrically connected) relationship. Thus sufficiently different than the Adrian Leta Patent.  Also this close relationship (as opposed to spaced) makes it easier for us to achieve a high electric field and voltage since the closer charges are together the greater electric field can be achieved.

 
More articles

10.18.2020

The NatureHacker Vertical Axis wind turbine

This is sort of a combination of the H-Rotor and the Darrieus Vertical axis Wind Turbine ideas.  Also this uses all the understanding we have had in the past about wing and blade design.  

I feel the picture above is self explanatory but let me try to explain design decisions.  As many of these blade systems can be used on the shaft as desired by the designer.  They can be inline with each other or staggered vertically on the shaft (which may resemble a sort of Savonius design).

Firstly the outer vertical wing is shaped in (at least) 2 dimensions.  Looking at the side view it is a teardrop shape.  This is because we don't need vertical lift in this direction, just getting some pressure buildup on the front of it and allowing the air to flow easily around leading to less risk of loosing the boundary layer along the back which would hurt us.  Also air moving the wrong direction (left to right in the picture) would do less work on the foil.  From the top view you can see the outer vertical wing is also shaped like a wing in this dimension as well.  This is to also increase drag a bit but the main purpose is to divert air "inwards" instead of flinging it off the sides of the propeller.  This also helps to keep air in the path of the next blade that comes around.

The inner horizontal wings connect the outer vertical wing to the rotor.  These wings, as seen in the picture, will be right side up on the top, omni-directional in the middle, and upside down on the bottom edge.  Again on the top and bottom edge we want to prevent loss of the boundary layer.  We want ripples or bumps (or preferably square pyramids) along the surfaces on the inside as this increases drag (with minimal disturbance to the flow) which we want.  Also notice that the angles will compress the air that enters the wing array the "correct" way but if the air is moving left to right instead it is more closed off (and thus aerodynamic) and expands the air which would lead to much less force being imparted in the wrong direction.

In conclusion a casual observer would think that the Savonius design is the best possible vertical rotor wind turbine.  This would be wrong because we have to realize that the maximum possible effect we can get is by disturbing the airflow as little as possible.  It is about efficiency, not just trying to "stop the wind" like the savonius does.  We want to receive energy from the wind while also keeping boundary layer/laminar flow intact because loosing the boundary layer acts against us.

This idea can also be combined with triboelectrics and use mediums like water or even plasma or aether instead of air.


10.17.2020

How a wing or propeller blade actually generates lift - Delta of Energy Delta

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In a past article I talked about the Quantum nature of gasses.  Also in a different article I talk about and have linked new technology on Advanced propeller or Wing Design.

This post is about conveying a simple truth about wing or propeller design.  We are told that Wings work based on lift.  But we are also told that wind generators can work based on two principles, drag or lift, as if they were different things.

What this made me realize is that people do not understand how wings or propellers actually work.  Lift and drag are not two different things, they are the same thing.  Lift is simply the ratio (or simply a difference) of two things.  How much energy is taken (or changed - delta) from the air on the underside of it, and how much energy is taken (or changed) from the air on the top of the wing.  The more energy is changed from the wind on the "underside" of the wing, and the less energy is changed from the wind on the "upperside" of the wing, the more net force will be upward.  Simple.  So you want a small delta energy of the air on the top of the wing, and a large delta energy on the bottom of the wing.

So how do you achieve this?  Simply make the "underside" of the wing have high drag, and make the "top" of the wing have low drag.  This can be done electrically, chemically, mechanically, thermally, or any other way. Electrically/materially/chemically; donate electrons to the air on the top of the wing, and steal electrons from the bottom.  Mechanically; reduce drag on the top of the wing and increase drag on the bottom (via angle of attack, texture, ridges, etc).  Thermally heat the air on the top of the wing, chill the air on the bottom.  Etcetera.

As we can see from our Tentacool design below, the underside has ridges to increase drag and the top side is swept to reduce drag.  Also making "peaks" can reduce drag as it allows air molecules to not "bunch up" while they are trying to go over a bend.

Crossection: The innovation here is the hollow blade design that allows the air to hug the top/back reducing drag on the top while progressively oscillating the air as it goes along the bottom/front face increasing drag to improve lift.

Bottom: Notice the ridges to increase drag and thus increase lift.
Top: Notice the sweeping top to reduce drag and slight ridges to help the air molecules to have more surface area to "spread out" over the surface without impeding flow.


10.05.2020

Gamma Linolenic Acid (GLA), Delta (5 and 6) desaturase, and COX-2 and 1 in Cancer and Chronic Inflammation

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Gamma Linolenic Acid (GLA)

GLA is a conditionally essential (may need to be supplemented) Omega-6 (EPA omega-3 -Not DHA- are already known to be anti-inflammatory due to D5D inhibition) prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) precursor for immune responses.  GLA is known to be at elevated levels in human breast milk but not cow's milk.  If PGE1 is made, it exerts an anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer effect.  If PGE2 is made it exerts a more inflammatory effect.  It appears that in normal metabolism of GLA, both are made, and therefore supplementing with GLA will improve PGE1/PGE2 ratio in the body by increasing PGE1 over baseline.  Some things like Lignans are known to help improve the PGE1/PGE2 ratio even further upon supplementation of GLA via D5D (Delta-5-desaturase) inhibition.

PGE1 is created from DGLA.  DGLA is quickly and easily made from GLA.

PGE2 is created from Arachadonic Acid (AA) and also DGLA.  AA is made from DGLA via Delta-5-desaturase (D5D).  AA is also made from phospholipids and diacylglycerols via Phospholipase C or Phospholipase A2 or Diacylglycerol lipase.

DGLA and AA compete for COX-2 production of PGE1 and PGE2 respectively and they are about equal. COX-2 is therefore required to make both PGE1 and PGE2.  However COX-1 also converts AA to PGE2 so more PGE2 is made almost always.  

This explains why COX-2 influencers seem to possibly help in Cancer cases.  Depending if they are taken orally (THCA,CBDA) or smoked (THC, CBD) they have opposite effects on COX-1 and COX-2.  In general smoked CBD seems to slightly inhibit COX-1 and promote COX-2 (improving PGE1/PGE2 slightly) and smoked THC seems to promote COX-1 strongly and promote COX-2 somewhat, likely worsening PGE1/PGE2 ratio.  But taken raw, both CBDA and THCA inhibit COX-1 greater than COX-2 therefore improving PGE1/PGE2 ratio.

 Delta 6 Desaturase (D6D) 

Delta 6 dehydrogenase creates GLA from Linoleic acid (Linoleic is typical vegetable oil Omega-6).  Linoleic acid converts into AA and also prostaglandins (PGE1 and PGE2) and other things.  People may be prone to deficiency of D6D which is why GLA seems to be deficient in many people.

DHA actually downregulates D6D supressing GLA manufacture in the body which is bad.

Delta 5 Desaturase (D5D)

D5D is an enzyme that converts DGLA to AA.

D5D also promotes the conversion of DGLA to AA.

EPA inhibits D5D.

Iron Overload and others:
COX-2 elevated in Iron Overload.

Iron overload appears to Induce COX-2 and also enhances AA.

Natural products effects on AA

Heme oxygenase causes cleavage of heme group

bilirubin increased in iron overload, so increased heme oxygenase? 

bacteria heme oxygenase:

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15310749/

https://jb.asm.org/content/182/23/6783

https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/abs/10.1089%2Fars.2004.6.825

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4007353/

https://jb.asm.org/content/jb/182/23/6783.full.pdf

Theory: Bacterial infection with pseudomonas/neissaria/mycobacterium or others cause lysis of heme via heme oxygenase, which causes increased bilirubin in iron overload patients and also increased ferritin as ferritin is up-regulated to capture the iron released from heme.  The body has to genetically produce more ferritin to compensate for the attack, this is where the Hemochromoatisis gene is selected for.


Histamine stimulates cox-2

https://duckduckgo.com/?q=histamine+cox-2&ia=web&iai=r1-6&page=1&adx=prdsdc&sexp=%7B"v7exp"%3A"a"%2C"prodexp"%3A"b"%2C"prdsdexp"%3A"c"%2C"biaexp"%3A"b"%2C"liapm"%3A"a"%7D

Nk and t cells require histamine

https://www.nature.com/articles/6602768


Histamine needed for il2 efficiency

https://www.nature.com/articles/6602768

Histamine ultimately regulates cox-2

http://europepmc.org/article/MED/18025237

Sesame oil cox-2 inhibitor.

Depression:

riboflavin decreases cox-2 and therefore can lower pgd2 and cause depression.

depression caused by low PGD2.  This can be because AA is converted preferably to PGE2 instead of D2.  Or because COX-2 is low.

hair loss caused by PGD2 excess.  So unlikely you have hair loss and depression at the same time.


Pgd2 also elevated in asthma and acts opposite pge2

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prostaglandin_D2


Calcium lowers pge2

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022202X86908547

Mg increases responsiveness to prostaglandins

/https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/7394065/


Pgd2 induces chloride excretion

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25534438

Calcium might support cox-2 inhibiton

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27162170/


Vitamin d reduces pge2 synthesis, likely promoting pgd2

https://www.atsjournals.org/doi/full/10.1165/rcmb.2013-0211OC

COVID PGD2 increase.  While PGE1 helps COVID patients

Cytokines boost cox 2 and modulate CAMP.  

Prostaglandins reduce cytokines by increasing CAMP.  

PGE1 increases camp.  

P Acnes stimulates likely PGE2 (PGD2?) 

Quercetin PGD2 inhibitor, good for covid.  


PGD2 high in salicylate sensitivity

bacteria involved (TB included) with cytokines and mast cell activation (PGD2).  

staph aureus superantigen B promotes PGD2?

Staph seems to fight off p acnes

pge2 might be uprefulated in Mycobacterium tubercluosis infection.  Vitamin D and garlic kill MTB so may help reduce bodies production of PGE2 and therefore boost PGD2 to treat depression.

Adhd gla helps and epa so likely pge1 deficiency possibly a pge2 or pgd2 over expression

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/24560325/

 

PGD2 increases serotonin

0ge1 blocks Aa

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/030698778190044X

Pge1 absent in schizophrenics upon adp, de0ressed, manic, normal ppl about the same with depressed responding a little less to adp and mani responding a little more

https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/999e/27b902490eb201ba0e552d918c7fa71f5eba.pdf

Sleep deprivation  reduces pge2 and increases pgd2

REM deprivation increase pge2 and decreases pgd2

Personal experience: taking riboflavin caused depression lowering PGD2.  Taking Evening Primrose oil boosted REM sleep increasing PGE2.


PGE2 increase boosts hair growth emu oil, evening primrose oil.  


Hairloss cure: Evening primrose oil, riboflavin, staph and p acnes killeng eo since staph feeds on p acnes.

 Evening primrose oil, castor oil, cinnamon eo, oregano eo, lemongrass eo, riboflavin. maybe glycerol to lower temp and improve riboflavin dissolution? probably lecithin to dissolve riboflavin.

 

Hair/Scalp Tonic:

15ml castor oil mixed with 100mg riboflavin. 700mg beta-carotene?

 Add 15 mL Evening primrose oil (GLA). 

12 drops german chamomile, 

4 drops cinnamon bark, 

4 drops oregano, 

4 drops lemongrass, 

3 drops eucalyptus, 

3 drops lavender, 

3 drops mastic, 

3 drops fresh ginger

glycerol does reduce body temperature

glycerine does not form a solution with oil, but lecithin does.

cinnamon staph

some natural pgd2 inhibitors.  

pgd2 receptors in sleep.  

Chamomile blocks cox-2 pge2 and seems to help hair loss.  

pge2 stops biotin pantothenic acid uptake to brain.  

vit e omega 3 lower pge2.  

pge2 might cause photosensitivity.  

beta carotene for photosensitivity.  

beta carotene does not reduce pge2.

PGE2 reduced by vitamin E.  

retinoic acid effects prostaglandins.  

tnfa and pge2 elevated from retinol.  Lutien?